Event Title

Utilizing Photovoice and Youth Advisory Boards: Collaborative Research to Strengthen Adolescent Empowerment

Presenter Information

Melina Gonzalez

Presentation Type

Oral Presentation

Major

Psychology

Category

Behavioral and Social Sciences

Session Number

04

Location

RM 218

Faculty Mentor

Dr. David Chavez

Juror Names

Nerea Marteache, Erica Lizano, Arianna Huhn

Start Date

5-16-2019 1:40 PM

End Date

5-16-2019 2:00 PM

Abstract

The purpose of this mixed-method study was to investigate the effectiveness of Photovoice, a participatory research methodology, with adolescents participating in a youth advisory board (YAB), in a marginalized community as a means of strengthening psychological empowerment. This study was designed to help disempowered youth explore their concerns and solutions within their community. Participants consisted of ethnically diverse early adolescents, ages 10 to 15, attending a Boys and Girls Club in a public-housing complex. A pre-test/post-test design was used to assess youths’ feelings of psychological empowerment. The impact of Photovoice on adolescents’ sense of psychological empowerment was measured by the Psychological Empowerment Scale (PES) (Ozer, & Schotland, 2011). Additionally, the qualitative component of this study thematically analyzed the pictures and transcripts derived from YAB sessions. It was hypothesized that adolescents that participate in the Photovoice process would demonstrate a positive increase in psychological empowerment. In regard to the qualitative data, it was also hypothesized that participating in Photovoice would capture detailed descriptions of youths’ voice in regard to community concerns. Results indicated that both hypotheses were supported. Youth that participated in the Photovoice project reported significantly higher perceived psychological empowerment at post-test. Furthermore, the thematic analysis showed early concerns of helplessness and a feeling of invisibility within the community. However, through the use of Photovoice, a growing sense of identity within the community and hope developed. In conclusion, these findings suggest that using Photovoice within a YAB can promote a strengthened sense of psychological empowerment critical for healthy adolescent development.

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May 16th, 1:40 PM May 16th, 2:00 PM

Utilizing Photovoice and Youth Advisory Boards: Collaborative Research to Strengthen Adolescent Empowerment

RM 218

The purpose of this mixed-method study was to investigate the effectiveness of Photovoice, a participatory research methodology, with adolescents participating in a youth advisory board (YAB), in a marginalized community as a means of strengthening psychological empowerment. This study was designed to help disempowered youth explore their concerns and solutions within their community. Participants consisted of ethnically diverse early adolescents, ages 10 to 15, attending a Boys and Girls Club in a public-housing complex. A pre-test/post-test design was used to assess youths’ feelings of psychological empowerment. The impact of Photovoice on adolescents’ sense of psychological empowerment was measured by the Psychological Empowerment Scale (PES) (Ozer, & Schotland, 2011). Additionally, the qualitative component of this study thematically analyzed the pictures and transcripts derived from YAB sessions. It was hypothesized that adolescents that participate in the Photovoice process would demonstrate a positive increase in psychological empowerment. In regard to the qualitative data, it was also hypothesized that participating in Photovoice would capture detailed descriptions of youths’ voice in regard to community concerns. Results indicated that both hypotheses were supported. Youth that participated in the Photovoice project reported significantly higher perceived psychological empowerment at post-test. Furthermore, the thematic analysis showed early concerns of helplessness and a feeling of invisibility within the community. However, through the use of Photovoice, a growing sense of identity within the community and hope developed. In conclusion, these findings suggest that using Photovoice within a YAB can promote a strengthened sense of psychological empowerment critical for healthy adolescent development.