INQUIRY: Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing
health information exchange, electronic medical record, information systems, quality of health care, retrospective studies
Many features of health care organizations (HCOs) have been identified to be associated with health information exchange (HIE), but subcategories of organizational factors focusing on nurse workforces still need to be identified. The objective of this study is to investigate the association of number of nurses with HIE use in Korea.
This study had a retrospective study design and used health insurance claim data from June 1, 2016 to June 30, 2018. The unit of analysis was the HCO, and any health insurance claims having HIE were counted by HCO. There were a total of 1490 HCOs having any HIE and 24 026 HCOs not having HIE. For statistical analysis, two-part model was used: logistic regression for HIE participation and the generalized linear model for the volume of HIE use.
HIE was used by 44.6% of general hospitals, and 8.6% and 5.3% of small hospitals and clinics, respectively. Both HIE use and its volume were significantly positively associated with nurse variables. The use of HIE was significantly positively associated with nurse-to-bed ratio in general hospitals (OR 1.028; 1.016 to 1.041) and in small hospitals (OR 1.021; 1.016 to 1.027), and with the number of nurses (OR 1.041; 1.028 to 1.054) in clinics (P
This study found that there was a low rate of HIE use in small hospitals and clinics. The number of nurses was critically associated with the use of HIE and the volume of HIE claims. HIE policy makers need to be aware of this factor in seeking to accelerate HIE.
Park, Young-Taek; Kim, Yeon Sook; Heo, Yun-Jung; Lee, Jae-Ho; and Chang, Hyejung, "Association of the Magnitude of Nurses With the Use of Health Information Exchanges: Analyzing the National Health Insurance Claim Data of Hospitals and Clinics in Korea" (2021). Nursing Faculty Publications. 14.