# Analogues Between Leibniz's Harmonic Triangle and Pascal's Arithmetic Triangle

6-2019

Thesis

## Degree Name

Master of Arts in Mathematics

Mathematics

Joseph Chavez

## Abstract

This paper will discuss the analogues between Leibniz's Harmonic Triangle and Pascal's Arithmetic Triangle by utilizing mathematical proving techniques like partial sums, committees, telescoping, mathematical induction and applying George Polya's perspective. The topics presented in this paper will show that Pascal's triangle and Leibniz's triangle both have hockey stick type patterns, patterns of sums within shapes, and have the natural numbers, triangular numbers, tetrahedral numbers, and pentatope numbers hidden within. In addition, this paper will show how Pascal's Arithmetic Triangle can be used to construct Leibniz's Harmonic Triangle and show how both triangles relate to combinatorics and arithmetic through the coefficients of the binomial expansion. Furthermore, combinatorics plays an increasingly important role in mathematics, starting when students enter high school and continuing on into their college years. Students become familiar with the traditional arguments based on classical arithmetic and algebra, however, methods of combinatorics can vary greatly. In combinatorics, perhaps the most important concept revolves around the coefficients of the binomial expansion, studying and proving their properties, and conveying a greater insight into mathematics.

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