Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Industrial and Organizational Psychology



First Reader/Committee Chair

Diaz, Ismael


Professional employees at work deal with stressors such as extensive workload and coursework, prolonged work and class schedules, overtime, and performance concerns from their supervisors and managers. The length of time working, the pressure one has in one's work life, and the amount of overtime can be a predictor of burnout (Brown & Pranger, 1992), and employees being burnt out can result in numerous issues in people’s health. Working overtime, as a stressor, is very common in the workplace and has continuously increased among employees (Hetrick, 2000). The primary purpose of this study was to explore the effect of overtime hours worked with burnout, illness, and potential health outcome. After a convenience sampling survey, we gathered 261 valid responses and found that overtime hours worked was significantly associated with illness and health outcomes. Participants who worked more overtime resulted in more illness and more negative health outcomes.