Date of Award
Master of Science in Industrial and Organizational Psychology
First Reader/Committee Chair
Time perspective refers to an individual’s perception of the passage of and remaining time in their life. The way individuals view their past, present, and future influences their behaviors and actions. Future time perspective (FTP) is one’s perception of time they have left in life. A short FTP refers to the perception that there is little time remaining in life, while a long FTP refers to the perception of a lot of time remaining in life. The current literature has found that unbalanced time perspective can lead to negative consequences, such as burnout and workaholism. Additionally, factors such as psychological capital and emotional intelligence can reduce these negative effects when an unbalanced time perspective exists. The present study aimed to investigate how FTP influences workaholism behaviors and burnout symptoms, and how psychological capital and emotional intelligence moderate the relationship between FTP and burnout. The sample consisted of 286 individuals who were at least 18 years old. SPSS 28 and Hayes’ PROCESS Command were used to determine descriptives, correlations, and mediation and moderation effects. Results indicated that FTP and workaholism predict burnout, and that psychological capital mediates the relationship between FTP and burnout. However, neither workaholism nor emotional intelligence mediated the relationship between FTP and burnout. Additionally, psychological capital and emotional intelligence did not moderate the relationship between FTP and burnout. Implications, limitations, and directions for future research are discussed.
Ikram, Hira, "BURNING OUT OF TIME: THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FUTURE TIME PERSPECTIVE, WORKAHOLISM, PSYCHOLOGICAL CAPITAL, EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE, AND BURNOUT" (2023). Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations. 1695.