Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Social Work


School of Social Work

First Reader/Committee Chair

Barragan, Armando


Social Work students may experience vicarious trauma at some point in their lifetime. Throughout the course of social work students’ internship experiences and outside employment, the management of trauma exposure is a concern within the field of social work. There are very few studies that have been developed in providing a specific rate of vicarious trauma among social workers and have provided quantitative research on the subject. This research study asks: What intervention strategies do social work students implement to address their vicarious trauma? This research conducted a descriptive study that used a quantitative measure to obtain the findings for vicarious trauma interventions utilized among social work students. Using statistical methods, results from a Repeated Measures ANOVA showed greatest significance with recreational self-care intervention strategy, Wilk’s Lambda = .29, F (4, 74) = 45.60, p = .00. Results from an independent samples t-test showed a significant difference in scores between BASW (M = 37.9, SD = 8.5) students and MSW students (M = 44.7, SD = 8.1; t (76) = -2.7, p = .008, two-tailed). The findings of this study contribute to social work practice by revealing the recreational self-care strategy as a useful vicarious trauma intervention tool, which has not been revealed in previous literature. The CSDT (Constructivist Self-Development Theory) Model helped aid in preventive and intervention measures of vicarious trauma among social work students. The sample was obtained from BASW students and MSW students who attend California State University San Bernardino (CSUSB).

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Social Work Commons