Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Education in Educational Leadership



First Reader/Committee Chair

Acevedo-Gil, Nancy


There has been an abundance of research studies regarding the underrepresentation of minoritized students (i.e., Latino & African Americans) in high school Advanced Placement programs. However, recent or current research studies have demonstrated that although this issue has improved over the years. A new problem has emerged for minoritized high school students regarding the “quality” of Advanced Placement programs. More specifically, minoritized students in urban school districts are being allowed to be enrolled in subpar Advanced Placement programs. Moreover, research has indicated that Advanced Placement programs in urban schools are of unequal quality among minoritized students. It is not only sufficient to just offer more AP courses to low income students but rather it is more important to provide these student populations with equity in AP course quality.