OSR Journal of Student Research

Article Title

Dual Earners Negative Spillover Effects on Parent Child Relationship Outcomes


The U.S. population of dual earner families has risen over the years. Currently 60% of households are dual earners compared to 37% are single family (“The rise in dual income earners household”, 2015). Due to this increase of dual earner families there has been a shift in how family dynamics are shaped. Parents are having to juggle family and work roles, which can create stress that spills into the family domain known as Work Family Conflict (WFC). WFC can affect the current mood of an individual and cause negative spillover. Negative spillover is displacement of emotional processes in which moods or psychological arousals are experienced into the family domain, although they originate outside of the family domain (Repetti, Wang, & Saxbe, 2009). Work family conflict and negative spillover together can negatively impact the parent-child relationship outcomes. The purpose of this study is to examine the negative spillover effects on dual earner families and its impact on parent-child relationships. And further explore the negative spillover differences between mother and fathers. This study will help us gain a better understanding of negative spillover and its effects on parent child relationships outcomes.

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