Journal of International Technology and Information Management

Document Type



This study evaluates the relationship between pandemic cases and vaccination usage, ICU bed utilization, hospitalizations, and deaths in the New York City metropolitan area. The study includes variables for the lockdown period and confirmed infections. The evaluation addresses three periods: (1) before vaccinations, (2) after vaccinations, and (3) the lockdown period. In addition, the number of vaccines per day for the manufacturers (Pfizer, Moderna, and Johnson & Johnson) are included in the study. Comparisons with New Jersey and Connecticut are used to validate that New York statistics are consistent with other states. The results provide a general model of the effectiveness of the vaccines and other variables that can be used as the basis for estimating the impact of future pandemics on business operations. The research discusses the managerial implications of the findings, enabling businesses to proactively prepare for and mitigate the disruptions caused by future pandemics.