Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Social Sciences


Social Sciences

First Advisor

Jones, Tiffany F.

Second Advisor

Toruño, Mayo

Third Advisor

Pytell, Timothy


The purpose of this study is to contextualize the present day use of forced labor in West Africa within the larger historical framework of ongoing international labor exploitation in the chocolate industry as a whole. This study examines the English chocolate industry from its beginnings in the mid 19th century to the present day and its founders' complex and often contradictory relationships with domestic factory workers and African cocoa producers.