Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Criminal Justice


Criminal Justice

First Advisor

Bichler, Gisela

Second Advisor

Schoepfer, Andrea

Third Advisor

Tibbetts, Stephen


This current study extends our understanding of international illicit drug trafficking of cocaine and heroin. Much of the research examining drug trafficking between countries has been done at the regional level. Although these two drugs are only produced within a small number of countries, they end up being used all over the world. This research provides a global portrait of the architecture of cocaine and heroin trade and tests whether crime opportunity theory can account for the relative position of transhipment nations. This project focuses on recent trafficking trends. The data used to build the architecture of each drug treade network was gathered from the CIA World Factbook, INTERPOL, and the UNODC.