Communications of the IIMA


This paper analyzes the experience of the H-IB and L-1 visa programs and their impact on information technology in the United States. The topics discussed are as follows: initial justification of the programs, the relationship of the programs to outsourcing and off-shoring, who is covered by the H-IB and L-1 visa programs, utilization of the visa programs by various constituencies, the impact of the visa programs on the prevailing wage, the arguments pro and con for the program, who is on either side of the lobbying effort, protectionist legislation regarding the visa programs, fraud within the visa programs, the alleged role of "body shops " and the visa programs, and the impact on homeland security as related to the visa programs.