Communications of the IIMA

Article Title



Active learning and active learning space design have become more and more important in American education at all levels from kindergarten to university (Beichner, 2014; Brooks, 2011; Gormley et. al., 2016; Kolb & Kolb, 2005; Oblinger, 2005; Park & Choi, 2014; Zimmermann, et. al., 2018). There have been many studies on various aspects of active learning space design, such as active learning spaces with technology tools (Cardullo, Wilson & Zygouris-Coe, 2018; Chiu, 2016; Resta, & Laferrière, 2007), e-learning (Chu, et. al., 2011; Stromie & Baudier, 2017; Xu & Wan, 2006), and student learning outcomes (Cole, Johnson & Eickholt, 2017; Blackmore, et. at., 2011; Dusenbury & Olson, 2019). There are also studies on the impact of space design features on teaching and learning (Bligh & Crook, 2017; Brown & Long, 2006; Chism & Bickford, 2002; Rands & Gansemer-Topf, 2017). In order to have a better understanding of active learning and active learning space design, this study conducts a survey on a group of students that have taken classes in newly designed and implemented active classrooms, and conduct a content analysis on the data collected from the survey, focusing on the impact of active learning space design features on student learning outcomes.

This paper aims to answer the following research questions:

1. What are the most important features of the active space design that made the most impact on students’ learning outcomes?

2. What are the least important features of the active space design that made little impact on students’ learning outcomes?

3. What are the most important connections between active learning space design and student learning outcomes?

4. What features of the active space design are closely related to information technologies and could impact student learning outcomes? The significance of this paper is two-fold: It would not only provide answers to the research questions that reveal the actual features of active learning spaces design that impact student learning outcomes, but also provide a content analysis for a better understanding of the most important connections between active learning space design and student learning outcomes.


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