Communications of the IIMA


Current medical decision support systems have evolved from the automation of medical decision routines to improving the quality of health care services. Knowledge-based systems, compared to conventional data-driven techniques, are promising to support medical decision making. However, knowledge acquisition is usually a bottleneck in the process of developing such systemsOne possibility for acquiring medical knowledge, particularly tacit knowledge, is to use data or cases in both syntactic and semantic ways. Case-based Reasoning (CBR) methodology provides a practical way of problem solving with recalled knowledge memory of solved cases. To reduce the difficulty of knowledge acquisition, this paper proposes a design of the system framework that utilizes the simplified medical knowledge:disease-symptom ontology for prediagnosis, given patients symptoms and signs as input. In the first stage, simple pattern matching is used to gather candidate diseases in diagnosis. Following that, case-based reasoning is used to refine diagnostic decision. The case base is structured with ontological knowledge model. The case retrieval process is based on semantic similarity. The diagnostic system uses a composite knowledge base, and will allow automated diagnosis recommendation. The system framework also aims at facilitating semantic explanations to the solution derived.