Developing Chemical Tools to Investigate Falcilysin, an Essential Malarial Metalloprotease
The malarial parasite Plasmodium falciparum kills an estimated 445,000 people annually, with the most deaths occurring in African children. Previous studies show that falcilysin (FLN) is a metalloprotease essential to the parasite’s development in the human host, though its biological role is poorly understood. The parasite is notoriously resistant to genetic modification. In order to study FLN, we are developing chemical inhibitors to block FLN activity in live parasites in order to conduct loss-of-function studies. Previous data demonstrates that the binding pocket of interest in the metalloprotease is highly receptive to bulky non-polar substituents at the N4 position. In this study, we synthesized several inhibitors with various linkers to attach a phenyl to the N4 position. We then tested them against the metalloprotease and determine their inhibition potency. Collected data shows that a sulfonamide in combination with a lengthy akyl linker results in the most potent inhibitors to date. This information will aid in the development of chemical tools to determine the function of this protease and evaluate FLN as a therapeutic target against malaria.
"Developing Chemical Tools to Investigate Falcilysin, an Essential Malarial Metalloprotease,"
OSR Journal of Student Research: Vol. 5
, Article 163.
Available at: https://scholarworks.lib.csusb.edu/osr/vol5/iss1/163