Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Criminal Justice


Criminal Justice

First Advisor

Schram, Pamela

Second Advisor

Sechrest, Dale

Third Advisor

Worrall, John


Examines the attitudes and perceptions among parolees, and police officers on why inmates join prison gangs, how powerful they are, and their power and control in prison. Data was gathered from 250 surveys distributed to a group of parolees at an undisclosed southern California municipal police department jail, and 250 surveys distributed to police managers attending the FBI National Academy in Quantico, Virginia. Results of this study validated the hypothesis that there is a significant difference in attitudes and perceptions of parolees and police officers of why inmates join prison gangs and the power and control gang inmates have in prison.